Getting started with MS Teams guest access

Finally guest access for Teams is RTM as you can read here and here.

I know pretty much every user in Ms Teams has been dying to start using this feature, but before you start inivting your external contacts en masse for all your teams and projects, there are a few things you should know.

  1. Read up on the feature with its capabilities and restrictions! No, really! Do it first! It’s the top sentence in this blog post for a reason.
  2. The guest user must reside in Azure AD, Microsoft account (MSA) is not supported yet
  3. Before you invite, you must at a minimum be a Limited admin in your Azure AD with “Guest inviter” role. Normal users can’t invite guests by default. Also the Team admin must allow you to invite guests.dfsfgeh2rwdf
  4. You need to enable guest access in your tenant
  5. The guest account can’t browse your Azure AD314ewdfsdfsg
  6. In the Teams client you must manually select which tenant you want to access. Teams in other tenants won’t show up side by side with yours.sdf346tgff

 

That’s it, a nice and quick blog post this time. See you in a Team I hope 😉

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Setting up Office 365 using Azure DNS

Do you use Azure DNS? Azure DNS provide hosting of your DNS zones in the Azure infrastructure meaning that not only do you get the fault-tolerance, audit logging and SLA (99.99%) but you can also manage your DNS zones using Powershell. I recommend you read about it on https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/dns/dns-overview including the FAQ and pricing information.

Implementing Office 365 requires a bit of DNS changes, and using Powershell this is very, very easy in Azure DNS. You need an account in Azure with admin-rights for Azure DNS, the name of the zone and the resource group it belongs to.

Change the input values to match the your environment and run this script from an editor (Powershell ISE or Visual Studio Code)

# This script automatically configures Azure DNS for O365
# Written by Per-Torben Sørensen (per-torben.sorensen@advania.no)
#
# Version: 1.0
#*********************************************************************************************
#
# Input values below
$azureadmin = “me@example.onmicrosoft.com” # admin user in azure portal with DNS rights
$ttl = “600” # TTL for all records (in seconds)
$zonename=”azure.contoso.com”
$rgname = “testazuredns” # Use Get-AzureRmDnsZone after login to find this
$proofvalue = “MS=ms12345678” # Proof of ownership from the Office 365 portal
#
#*********************************************************************************************
#
# Variables below
$cred = Get-Credential -Message “Log on” -UserName $azureadmin
$runscript = $false # Failsafe for accidental running
#*********************************************************************************************
if ($runscript -eq $false)
{
Write-Host -ForegroundColor Red “Do NOT run this script non-interactively! Run from editor”
return
}
# Log on Azure RM and set DNS variable
Login-AzureRmAccount -Credential $cred
$dnszone = Get-AzureRmDnsZone -Name $zonename -ResourceGroupName $rgname
#
# Creating first TXT record (Proof of domain ownership)
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “@” -RecordType TXT -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords (New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -Value “$($proofvalue)”)
#
# Create CNAME records
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “autodiscover” -RecordType CNAME -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords (New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -cname “autodiscover.outlook.com”)
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “sip” -RecordType CNAME -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords (New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -cname “sipdir.online.lync.com”)
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “lyncdiscover” -RecordType CNAME -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords (New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -cname “webdir.online.lync.com”)
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “msoid” -RecordType CNAME -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords (New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -cname “clientconfig.microsoftonline-p.net”)
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “enterpriseregistration” -RecordType CNAME -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords (New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -cname “enterpriseregistration.windows.net”)
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “enterpriseenrollment” -RecordType CNAME -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords (New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -cname “enterpriseenrollment.manage.microsoft.com”)
#
# Modifies the existing TXT record
$txtrecord = Get-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “@” -RecordType TXT
Add-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -RecordSet $txtrecord -Value “v=spf1 include:spf.protection.outlook.com -all”
Set-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -RecordSet $txtrecord
#
# Create SRV records
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “_sip._tls” -RecordType SRV -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords (New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -Priority 100 -Weight 1 -Port 443 -Target sipdir.online.lync.com)
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “_sipfederationtls._tcp” -RecordType SRV -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords (New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -Priority 100 -Weight 1 -Port 5061 -Target sipfed.online.lync.com)
#
# Set MX record – THIS CHANGES THE MAIL FLOW!
#
$exchadr = ($zonename -replace “\.”,”-“)
$exchadr +=”.mail.protection.outlook.com”
$mxrecords = @()
$mxrecords = New-AzureRmDnsRecordConfig -Exchange $exchadr -Preference 0
New-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone -Name “@” -RecordType MX -Ttl $ttl -DnsRecords $mxrecords
#
# This line allows you to select one or several DNS records and delete them from zone
Get-AzureRmDnsRecordSet -Zone $dnszone | Out-GridView -Title “Select record to delete” -OutputMode Multiple | Remove-AzureRmDnsRecordSet
#

Automatically assign or revoke Office 365 licenses through AD group membership

Disclaimer: Your use of the script contained in this post is at your sole risk. All information is provided “as -is”, without any warranty, whether express or implied.

Recently a customer asked for a way to automatically assign and revoke licenses in Office 365 based on membership in a group in their local AD. It was a fun challenge so I wanted to share my solution with you. It mainly consist of a Powershell script which runs as a scheduled task, and the script compares the group membership with which users has the corresponding licenses and removes licenses from the users which is not a group member and adds the license if it is a member and doesn’t already have a license. The user account which runs the script must be able to query AD, assign licenses in the tenant and log on as a scheduled task on the server.

First challenge was the non-interactive logon to the tenant, where I also didn’t want the write the password in plain text. Now Powershell can store the password as an encrypted string in a text file and call upon that for logging in. Its encryption key is directly available only for the user which created the string so the password in unavailable for other users. This also means this script has to be run interactively once to create the encrypted password string. Just how secure this solution is, is a matter of discussion but in my opinion it’s better than writing the password in plain text inside the script.

Second part is just to assign the group names to correspond to the license types (SKUs) in the tenant, in this case AzureAD Premium license and O365 E5 license. Then it’s basically a few IF-loops to remove or add licenses to users. Remember the UPN suffix of the onprem-user must match the tenants.

Last thing: This script includes no error handling so if you’re going to put it to use, you should add some sort of error handling with alert (send e-mail, create event in eventlog or similar). Also I’m sure it can be streamlined further but it gets the job done and can easily expand to include several groups with individual license types assigned. Feel free to use this script as a starting point if you want, but at your own risk.


# Get user and UPN from selected group with subgroups
# Assigns location and license in Microsoft cloud
#
# Written by Per-Torben Sørensen
#
# Version: 1.0
#*********************************************************************************************
#
# Change the settings below
#
$sourcegroups = "Cloud_License_AADPremium","Cloud_License_E5" # Name of the groups which controls license assignment
$onlineusername = "cloud_lic_svc@starwarsm16.onmicrosoft.com" # Account which connects to Microsoft cloud and can run this script as a scheduled task
$securefile = "C:\scripts\cloud_lic_svc_securecred.txt" # Encrypted passwordfile for the user.
#*********************************************************************************************
#
# Variables below
#
IF ((test-path $securefile) -eq $false)
{
read-host -assecurestring | convertfrom-securestring | out-file $securefile # Set securestring with password - only need to run interactively once
}
$pass = cat $securefile | convertto-securestring # Building credential
$mycred = new-object -typename System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -argumentlist $onlineusername,$pass # Building credential
#*********************************************************************************************
#
# Logging on to Microsoft Online services
#
Connect-MsolService -Credential $mycred
#
foreach ($sourcegroup in $sourcegroups)
{
$groupname = Get-ADGroup $sourcegroup
$users = Get-ADGroupMember $groupname -Recursive | where {$_.objectClass -like "user"} | Get-ADUser
IF ($groupname.Name -eq "Cloud_License_AADPremium") # Assosiates license to AD group, use Get-MsolAccountSku to find your $sku name
{
$sku = "starwarsm16:AAD_PREMIUM"
}
IF ($groupname.Name -eq "Cloud_License_E5") # Assosiates license to AD group, use Get-MsolAccountSku to find your $sku name
{
$sku = "starwarsm16:ENTERPRISEPREMIUM"
}
#
# Check membership and removes license for non-members
#
$msolusers = Get-MsolUser | ? {$_.Licenses.accountskuid -like $sku}
foreach ($msoluser in $msolusers)
{
IF ($msoluser.LastDirSyncTime -ne $null) # Checks if the user is cloud-only, if so skip to next user
{
$check = Get-ADUser -Filter * -Properties * | ? {$_.userprincipalname -eq $msoluser.UserPrincipalName}
if ($check.memberof -notcontains $groupname) # Check groupmembership and remove license if the user is not a member
{
Set-MsolUserLicense -UserPrincipalName $msoluser.UserPrincipalName -RemoveLicenses $sku
}
}
}
#
# Check group membership and assign location and license
#
foreach ($user in $users)
{
$msoluser = Get-MsolUser -UserPrincipalName $user.UserPrincipalName
IF ($msoluser -ne $null)
{
IF ($msoluser.UsageLocation -ne "NO" ) # Check and set locaion "NO" (Norway)
{
Set-MSOLUser -UserPrincipalName $msoluser.UserPrincipalName -UsageLocation NO
}
IF ($msoluser.Licenses.accountskuid -notcontains $sku) # Check and assign license
{
Set-MsolUserLicense -UserPrincipalName $msoluser.UserPrincipalName -AddLicenses $sku
}
}
}
}

What is Azure Domain Services?

Azure Active Directory (AAD) is, as I’m sure you know, the identity services in Microsoft Azure. Unlike Windows Active Directory (WAD) which has been with us since Windows 2000, AAD doesn’t use Kerberos for authentication since Kerberos isn’t suited for internet traffic and slow/unreliable WAN connection. Obviously the major drawback is that AAD can’t communicate directly with most of our current applications and systems.

To combat this drawback, Microsoft has released Azure Domain Services (currently in preview) which is a feature that allows one AAD to communicate with Kerberos over one virtual network. This is NOT a full version of WAD, it is only AAD made Kerberos-enabled which gives you access to a some of the features from WAD, most of them are read-only however.

This is essentially “domain controller-as-a-service”, so there is no FSMO roles, AD sites, Global Catalog, schema extentions and such to configure or troubleshoot. After deployment you get 2 IP addresses to use as primary and secondary DNS server, which in turn lets you communicate with AAD using Kerberos. This includes joining the domain with you servers and clients. This feature is not to be confused with Windows 10 Azure device join which it something entirely different.

Also I want to remind you that this feature is in preview so things are likely to change from what you can read here.

Implementing Azure Domain Services

Implementing Azure Domain Services is very easy.

  1. Create a group named “AAD DC Administrators” and join the user accounts you want as your admin account to this group. The members won’t be Domain Admins as we are used to from WAD, but this is as close as you get.ads0b
  2. In the Azure portal, find you AAD and under configure you’ll find this setting to enable Azure Domain Servicesads01
  3. When enabled you have to select your domain DNS name and which virtual network this AAD will provide Kerberos over. If this network has a site 2 site VPN, your AAD will be available to resources on-premises.ads2
  4. Notice this message, which says you need password synchronization in order to log on AAD using Kerberos. This also means that Federation is not supported. The procedure is different for cloud accounts and on-prem accounts, but the link in the message describes very well what you need to do, so I’ll just link it here.ads3
  5. Now you have to wait..a lot. Enabling this takes a long time, about 20-30 minutes. Eventually you’ll get the 2 IP addresses you need to use to reach your domain. You should add both as DNS servers in your virtual network in Azure. It will take some time before the vm’s in Azure are updated so you can either refresh the IP’s or give the servers a reboot.ads5
  6. I have a cloud-only user to function as my admin account, so before I can join my servers to the AAD, I have to reset its password to generate the hash (step 4) so I do so at http://myapps.microsoft.com where you find the change password option. (“Endre passord”, sorry this screenshot is in norwegian)ads9
  7. And finally my server has the correct DNS servers and it can join AAD as if it was an ordinary WAD. ads6

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Taking a closer look at an AAD-joined server

After my server joined my AAD and rebooted it’s available for my AzureAdmin account. So let’s take a closer look on how this works. Starting at the local administrator group on my member server where you see the group we added in step 1 thereby giving me access to the server.

ads_localadmingroup

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

So naturally I install the RSAT for AD and Group Policy and start to play around.

First of all having a look at FSMO roles:

ads_fsmo

 

AD sites and services won’t show anything but an error, so nothing to see there.

AD domain and trust just shows us the usual information with no ability to change anything at all.

AD users and computers on the other hand is a little more interesting. Here we see the AAD OU structure and we have our users and groups from the Azure portal in “AADDC Users” and our newly joined member server in “AADDC Computers”. This view seem to be completely read-only and nothing can be changed or edited. Note there is no “Domain Controller” container.ads_aduc1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turns out I can create a new OU on the domain level and in here I can create new groups and users which I can edit. As of now this seem to have no function at all as I can’t authenticate with this new user account and it doesn’t show up in the Azure portal.

ads_aduc2

Group Policy is even more interesting.
ads_gpmc1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are 4 GPO’s present Default domain and domain controller policy, plus AADDC Computers and AADDS Users (both linked to the OU with the corresponding name).  Those last 2 GPO’s can be edited so you are able to deploy some GPO settings to your domain joined computers and users. You can also change GPO links, enforce, block inheritance and change GPO Staus (disable all users or/and computer settings) However you can’t do any of the following:

  • Create new GPO or delete existing ones
  • Change GPO security filtering
  • Create WMI filters
  • GPO links

ads_gpmc2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DNS: Your account will not have any DNS server rights so trying to connect a DNS console againt the DC will only throw an access denied error.

Add domain controllers: No, you can’t promote an azure vm as an additional Domain Controller 😉

Conclusion

I think Azure Domain Services is a curious thing, while being far from a replacement for you WAD, it does provide the ability to join servers and clients to an AAD and communicate with each other using Kerberos. You can of course use it as if it was a normal WAD, but the management of both users and computer are very limited. Communication using Kerberos is the whole point of this feature and it should open up some new possibilities in both hybrid environments and perhaps also during migration from on-premises to cloud. Another possible application for this feature could be in combination with Azure Remote App.

Again this feature is in preview so I’m sure the re will be changes coming, probably based quite a bit on user feedback.